1. Kehlet H., Dahl J. B. Anaesthesia, surgery, and challenges in postoperative recovery. Lancet. 2003; 362: 1921-8. Sciencedirect

2. Alves A., Panis Y., Mathieu P., Mantion G., Kwiatkowski F., Slim K. Postoperative mortality and morbidity in French patients undergoing colorectal surgery: results of a prospective multicenter study. Arch Surg. 2005; 140: 278-83, discussion 84. archives of surgery

3. Basse L., Jakobsen D. H., Bardram L., Billesbolle P., Lund C., Mogensen T., et al. Functional recovery after open versus laparoscopic colonic resection: a randomized, blinded study. Ann Surg. 2005; 241: 416-23. annals of surgery

4. Anderson A. D., McNaught C. E., MacFie J., Tring I., Barker P., Mitchell C. J. Randomized clinical trial of multimodal optimization and standard perioperative surgical care. Br J Surg. 2003; 90: 1497-504. WILEY Interscience

5. Jakobsen D. H., Sonne E., Andreasen J., Kehlet H. Convalescence after colonic surgery with fast-track vs conventional care. Colorectal Dis. 2006; 8: 683-7. WILEY Interscience

6. Basse L., Raskov H. H., Hjort Jakobsen D., Sonne E., Billesbolle P., Hendel H. W., et al. Accelerated postoperative recovery programme after colonic resection improves physical performance, pulmonary function and body composition. Br J Surg. 2002; 89: 446-53. WILEY Interscience

7. Pelissier E., Monek O., Cuche F. [Reducing the hospital stay after colorectal resection]. Ann Chir. 2005; 130: 608-12. SCIENCE DIRECT

8. Wilmore D. W., Kehlet H. Management of patients in fast track surgery. Bmj. 2001; 322: 473-6. Bmj

9. Kehlet H. Multimodal approach to control postoperative pathophysiology and rehabilitation. Br J Anaesth. 1997; 78: 606-17. Bja

10. Hill G. L. Impact of nutritional support on the clinical outcome of the surgical patient. Clin Nutr. 1994; 13: 331-40. Science direct

11. Tonnesen H., Petersen K. R., Hojgaard L., Stokholm K. H., Nielsen H. J., Knigge U., et al. Postoperative morbidity among symptom-free alcohol misusers. Lancet. 1992; 340: 334-7.

12. Kehlet H., Wilmore D. W. Multimodal strategies to improve surgical outcome. Am J Surg. 2002; 183: 630-41. SCIENCE DIRECT

13. Kotani N., Hashimoto H., Sessler D. I., Yoshida H., Kimura N., Okawa H., et al. Smoking decreases alveolar macrophage function during anesthesia and surgery. Anesthesiology. 2000; 92: 1268-77.

14. Desborough J. P. The stress response to trauma and surgery. Br J Anaesth. 2000; 85: 109-17. Bja

15. Nicholson G., Burrin J. M., Hall G. M. Peri-operative steroid supplementation. Anaesthesia. 1998; 53: 1091-104. WILEY Interscience

16. Sheeran P., Hall G. M. Cytokines in anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 1997; 78: 201-19. Bja

17. Thorell A., Nygren J., Ljungqvist O. Insulin resistance: a marker of surgical stress. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 1999; 2: 69-78. abstract

18. Ljungqvist O., Soreide E. Preoperative fasting. Br J Surg. 2003; 90: 400-6. WILEY Interscience

19. Soop M., Carlson G. L., Hopkinson J., Clarke S., Thorell A., Nygren J., et al. Randomized clinical trial of the effects of immediate enteral nutrition on metabolic responses to major colorectal surgery in an enhanced recovery protocol. Br J Surg. 2004; 91: 1138-45. WILEY Interscience

20. Soop M., Nygren J., Myrenfors P., Thorell A., Ljungqvist O. Preoperative oral carbohydrate treatment attenuates immediate postoperative insulin resistance. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2001; 280: E576-83. AJPEM

21. Nielsen H. J. Detrimental effects of perioperative blood transfusion. Br J Surg. 1995; 82: 582-7. PUBMED

22. Joshi G. P., Ogunnaike B. O. Consequences of inadequate postoperative pain relief and chronic persistent postoperative pain. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2005; 23: 21-36. Sciencedirect

23. Akca O., Melischek M., Scheck T., Hellwagner K., Arkilic C. F., Kurz A., et al. Postoperative pain and subcutaneous oxygen tension. Lancet. 1999; 354: 41-2. sciencedirect

24. Hopf H. W., Hunt T. K., West J. M., Blomquist P., Goodson W. H., 3rd, Jensen J. A., et al. Wound tissue oxygen tension predicts the risk of wound infection in surgical patients. Arch Surg. 1997; 132: 997-1004; discussion 5. pubmed

25. Nielsen H. J. The effect of histamine type-2 receptor antagonists on posttraumatic immune competence. Dan Med Bull. 1995; 42: 162-74. PUBMED

26. Beale R. J., Bryg D. J., Bihari D. J. Immunonutrition in the critically ill: a systematic review of clinical outcome. Crit Care Med. 1999; 27: 2799-805. ABSTRACT

27. Gan T. J., Meyer T., Apfel C. C., Chung F., Davis P. J., Eubanks S., et al. Consensus guidelines for managing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg. 2003; 97: 62-71, table of contents. ANESTHESIA ANALGESIA

28. Holte K., Kehlet H. Postoperative ileus: a preventable event. Br J Surg. 2000; 87: 1480-93. WILEY INTERSCIENCE

29. Kehlet H., Holte K. Review of postoperative ileus. Am J Surg. 2001; 182: 3S-10S. SCIENCEDIRECT

30. Luckey A., Livingston E., Tache Y. Mechanisms and treatment of postoperative ileus. Arch Surg. 2003; 138: 206-14. ACHIVES OF SURGERY

31. Miedema B. W., Johnson J. O. Methods for decreasing postoperative gut dysmotility. Lancet Oncol. 2003; 4: 365-72. ABSTRACT

32. Ogilvy A. J., Smith G. The gastrointestinal tract after anaesthesia. Eur J Anaesthesiol Suppl. 1995; 10: 35-42. PUBMED

33. Cunningham B. Oxygen protocols for the prevention of hypoxemia. A review for case managers. J Case Manag. 1997; 6: 3-7. PUBMED

34. Harper C. M., Lyles Y. M. Physiology and complications of bed rest. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988; 36: 1047-54. pubmed

35. Mynster T., Jensen L. M., Jensen F. G., Kehlet H., Rosenberg J. The effect of posture on late postoperative oxygenation. Anaesthesia. 1996; 51: 225-7. pubmed

36. Fearon K. C., Ljungqvist O., Von Meyenfeldt M., Revhaug A., Dejong C. H., Lassen K., et al. Enhanced recovery after surgery: a consensus review of clinical care for patients undergoing colonic resection. Clin Nutr. 2005; 24: 466-77. abstract

37. Bocquet. Tabagisme périopératoire. In: Masson E, editor. la collection de la SFAR. 2006; p. 57-74.

38. Egbert L. D., Battit G. E., Welch C. E., Bartlett M. K. Reduction of Postoperative Pain by Encouragement and Instruction of Patients. a Study of Doctor-Patient Rapport. N Engl J Med. 1964; 270: 825-7. titre

39. Mariette C., Alves A., Benoist S., Bretagnol F., Mabrut J. Y., Slim K. [Perioperative care in digestive surgery. Guidelines for the French society of digestive surgery (SFCD)]. Ann Chir. 2005; 130: 108-24. science direct

40. Holte K., Nielsen K. G., Madsen J. L., Kehlet H. Physiologic effects of bowel preparation. Dis Colon Rectum. 2004; 47: 1397-402. pubmed

41. Slim K., Vicaut E., Launay-Savary M. V., Chipponi J. Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials on the role of mechanical bowel preparation before colorectal surgery. Ann Surg (Submitted). 2008.

42. Brady M., Kinn S., O'Rourke K., Randhawa N., Stuart P. Preoperative fasting for preventing perioperative complications in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005; CD005285. the cochrane library

43. Hausel J., Nygren J., Lagerkranser M., Hellstrom P. M., Hammarqvist F., Almstrom C., et al. A carbohydrate-rich drink reduces preoperative discomfort in elective surgery patients. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93: 1344-50. anesthesia analgesia

44. Nygren J. The metabolic effects of fasting and surgery. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2006; 20: 429-38. Pubmed

45. Caumo W., Hidalgo M. P., Schmidt A. P., Iwamoto C. W., Adamatti L. C., Bergmann J., et al. Effect of pre-operative anxiolysis on postoperative pain response in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy. Anaesthesia. 2002; 57: 740-6. pubmed

46. Koch A., Bouges S., Ziegler S., Dinkel H., Daures J. P., Victor N. Low molecular weight heparin and unfractionated heparin in thrombosis prophylaxis after major surgical intervention: update of previous meta-analyses. Br J Surg. 1997; 84: 750-9. Sciencedirect

47. Lausen I., Jensen R., Jorgensen L. N., Rasmussen M. S., Lyng K. M., Andersen M., et al. Incidence and prevention of deep venous thrombosis occurring late after general surgery: randomised controlled study of prolonged thromboprophylaxis. Eur J Surg. 1998; 164: 657-63. pubmed

48. Song F., Glenny A. M. Antimicrobial prophylaxis in colorectal surgery: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Br J Surg. 1998; 85: 1232-41. abstract

49. British National Formulary, UK: Pharmaceutical Press Oxford; 2003.

50. Divatia J. V., Vaidya J. S., Badwe R. A., Hawaldar R. W. Omission of nitrous oxide during anesthesia reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. A meta-analysis. Anesthesiology. 1996; 85: 1055-62. anesthesiology

51. Wu C. L., Cohen S. R., Richman J. M., Rowlingson A. J., Courpas G. E., Cheung K., et al. Efficacy of postoperative patient-controlled and continuous infusion epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with opioids: a meta-analysis. Anesthesiology. 2005; 103: 1079-88; quiz 109-10. Anesthesiology

52. Fotiadis R. J., Badvie S., Weston M. D., Allen-Mersh T. G. Epidural analgesia in gastrointestinal surgery. Br J Surg. 2004; 91: 828-41. Wiley Interscience

53. Werawatganon T., Charuluxanun S. Patient controlled intravenous opioid analgesia versus continuous epidural analgesia for pain after intra-abdominal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005; CD004088. The Cochrane Library

54. Gendall K. A., Kennedy R. R., Watson A. J., Frizelle F. A. The effect of epidural analgesia on postoperative outcome after colorectal surgery. Colorectal Dis. 2007; 9: 584-98; discussion 98-600. abstract

55. Block B. M., Liu S. S., Rowlingson A. J., Cowan A. R., Cowan J. A., Jr., Wu C. L. Efficacy of postoperative epidural analgesia: a meta-analysis. Jama. 2003; 290: 2455-63. JAMA

56. Carli F., Trudel J. L., Belliveau P. The effect of intraoperative thoracic epidural anesthesia and postoperative analgesia on bowel function after colorectal surgery: a prospective, randomized trial. Dis Colon Rectum. 2001; 44: 1083-9. PUBMED

57. Carli F., Mayo N., Klubien K., Schricker T., Trudel J., Belliveau P. Epidural analgesia enhances functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life after colonic surgery: results of a randomized trial. Anesthesiology. 2002; 97: 540-9. Anesthesiology

58. Liu S. S., Carpenter R. L., Mackey D. C., Thirlby R. C., Rupp S. M., Shine T. S., et al. Effects of perioperative analgesic technique on rate of recovery after colon surgery. Anesthesiology. 1995; 83: 757-65. Anesthesiology

59. Mann C., Pouzeratte Y., Boccara G., Peccoux C., Vergne C., Brunat G., et al. Comparison of intravenous or epidural patient-controlled analgesia in the elderly after major abdominal surgery. Anesthesiology. 2000; 92: 433-41. abstract

60. Richman J. M., Wu C. L. Epidural analgesia for postoperative pain. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2005; 23: 125-40. Sciencedirect

61. Uchida I., Asoh T., Shirasaka C., Tsuji H. Effect of epidural analgesia on postoperative insulin resistance as evaluated by insulin clamp technique. Br J Surg. 1988; 75: 557-62. PUBMED

62. Holte K., Kehlet H. Epidural anaesthesia and analgesia - effects on surgical stress responses and implications for postoperative nutrition. Clin Nutr. 2002; 21: 199-206. SCIENCEDIRECT

63. Vedrinne C., Vedrinne J. M., Guiraud M., Patricot M. C., Bouletreau P. Nitrogen-sparing effect of epidural administration of local anesthetics in colon surgery. Anesth Analg. 1989; 69: 354-9. ABSTRACT

64. Kabon B., Fleischmann E., Treschan T., Taguchi A., Kapral S., Kurz A. Thoracic epidural anesthesia increases tissue oxygenation during major abdominal surgery. Anesth Analg. 2003; 97: 1812-7. ANESTHESIOLOGY

65. Ballantyne J. C., Carr D. B., deFerranti S., Suarez T., Lau J., Chalmers T. C., et al. The comparative effects of postoperative analgesic therapies on pulmonary outcome: cumulative meta-analyses of randomized, controlled trials. Anesth Analg. 1998; 86: 598-612. ABSTRACT

66. Rigg J. R., Jamrozik K., Myles P. S., Silbert B. S., Peyton P. J., Parsons R. W., et al. Epidural anaesthesia and analgesia and outcome of major surgery: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2002; 359: 1276-82. ABSTRACT

67. Peyton P. J., Myles P. S., Silbert B. S., Rigg J. A., Jamrozik K., Parsons R. Perioperative epidural analgesia and outcome after major abdominal surgery in high-risk patients. Anesth Analg. 2003; 96: 548-, table of contents. ANESTH

68. Park W. Y., Thompson J. S., Lee K. K. Effect of epidural anesthesia and analgesia on perioperative outcome: a randomized, controlled Veterans Affairs cooperative study. Ann Surg. 2001; 234: 560-9; discussion 9-71. ABSTRACT

69. Holte K., Kehlet H. Epidural analgesia and risk of anastomotic leakage. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2001; 26: 111-7. SCIENCEDIRECT

70. Marret E., Remy C., Bonnet F. Meta-analysis of epidural analgesia versus parenteral opioid analgesia after colorectal surgery. Br J Surg. 2007; 94: 665-73. WILEY INTERSCIENCE

71. Jorgensen H., Wetterslev J., Moiniche S., Dahl J. B. Epidural local anaesthetics versus opioid-based analgesic regimens on postoperative gastrointestinal paralysis, PONV and pain after abdominal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; CD001893. The Cochrane Library

72. Lobo D. N., Bostock K. A., Neal K. R., Perkins A. C., Rowlands B. J., Allison S. P. Effect of salt and water balance on recovery of gastrointestinal function after elective colonic resection: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2002; 359: 1812-8. SCIENCEDIRECT

73. Nisanevich V., Felsenstein I., Almogy G., Weissman C., Einav S., Matot I. Effect of intraoperative fluid management on outcome after intraabdominal surgery. Anesthesiology. 2005; 103: 25-32. ABSTRACT

74. Holte K., Klarskov B., Christensen D. S., Lund C., Nielsen K. G., Bie P., et al. Liberal versus restrictive fluid administration to improve recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized, double-blind study. Ann Surg. 2004; 240: 892-9. ANNALS OF SURGERY

75. Holte K., Kehlet H. Fluid therapy and surgical outcomes in elective surgery: a need for reassessment in fast-track surgery. J Am Coll Surg. 2006; 202: 971-89. ABSTRACT

76. Holte K., Foss N. B., Andersen J., Valentiner L., Lund C., Bie P., et al. Liberal or restrictive fluid administration in fast-track colonic surgery: a randomized, double-blind study. Br J Anaesth. 2007; 99: 500-8. ABSTRACT

77. Frank S. M., Fleisher L. A., Breslow M. J., Higgins M. S., Olson K. F., Kelly S., et al. Perioperative maintenance of normothermia reduces the incidence of morbid cardiac events. A randomized clinical trial. Jama. 1997; 277: 1127-34. ABSTRACT

78. Kurz A., Sessler D. I., Lenhardt R. Perioperative normothermia to reduce the incidence of surgical-wound infection and shorten hospitalization. Study of Wound Infection and Temperature Group. N Engl J Med. 1996; 334: 1209-15. NEJM

79. Wong P. F., Kumar S., Bohra A., Whetter D., Leaper D. J. Randomized clinical trial of perioperative systemic warming in major elective abdominal surgery. Br J Surg. 2007; 94: 421-6. ABSTRACT

80. Lewis S. J., Egger M., Sylvester P. A., Thomas S. Early enteral feeding versus "nil by mouth" after gastrointestinal surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials. Bmj. 2001; 323: 773-6. BMJ

81. Andersen H. K., Lewis S. J., Thomas S. Early enteral nutrition within 24h of colorectal surgery versus later commencement of feeding for postoperative complications. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006; CD004080. ABSTRACT

82. Kehlet H., Wilmore D. W. Evidence-based surgical care and the evolution of fast-track surgery. Ann Surg. 2008; 248: 189-98. ANNALS OF SURGERY

83. Han-Geurts I. J., Hop W. C., Kok N. F., Lim A., Brouwer K. J., Jeekel J. Randomized clinical trial of the impact of early enteral feeding on postoperative ileus and recovery. Br J Surg. 2007; 94: 555-61. ABSTRACT

84. Kehlet H., Holte K. Effect of postoperative analgesia on surgical outcome. Br J Anaesth. 2001; 87: 62-72. TEXTE

85. White P. F., Kehlet H., Neal J. M., Schricker T., Carr D. B., Carli F. The role of the anesthesiologist in fast-track surgery: from multimodal analgesia to perioperative medical care. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 1380-96, table of contents. ABSTRACT

86. Marret E., Kurdi O., Zufferey P., Bonnet F. Effects of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Anesthesiology. 2005; 102: 1249-60. TEXT

87. Herroeder S., Pecher S., Schonherr M. E., Kaulitz G., Hahnenkamp K., Friess H., et al. Systemic lidocaine shortens length of hospital stay after colorectal surgery: a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Surg. 2007; 246: 192-200. ANNALS OF SURGERY

88. Hyllested M., Jones S., Pedersen J. L., Kehlet H. Comparative effect of paracetamol, NSAIDs or their combination in postoperative pain management: a qualitative review. Br J Anaesth. 2002; 88: 199-214. BJA

89. Joshi G. P. Multimodal analgesia techniques and postoperative rehabilitation. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2005; 23: 185-202. ABSTRACT

90. Basse L., Hjort Jakobsen D., Billesbolle P., Werner M., Kehlet H. A clinical pathway to accelerate recovery after colonic resection. Ann Surg. 2000; 232: 51-7. ANNALS OF SURGERY

91. Asao T., Kuwano H., Nakamura J., Morinaga N., Hirayama I., Ide M. Gum chewing enhances early recovery from postoperative ileus after laparoscopic colectomy. J Am Coll Surg. 2002; 195: 30-2. PUBMED

92. Chan M. K., Law W. L. Use of chewing gum in reducing postoperative ileus after elective colorectal resection: a systematic review. Dis Colon Rectum. 2007; 50: 2149-57. ABSTRACT

93. Grantcharov T. P., Rosenberg J. Vertical compared with transverse incisions in abdominal surgery. Eur J Surg. 2001; 167: 260-7. PUBMED

94. Lindgren P. G., Nordgren S. R., Oresland T., Hulten L. Midline or transverse abdominal incision for right-sided colon cancer-a randomized trial. Colorectal Dis. 2001; 3: 46-50. ABSTRACT

95. Brown S. R., Goodfellow P. J., Adam I. J., Shorthouse A. J. A randomised controlled trial of transverse skin crease vs. vertical midline incision for right hemicolectomy. Tech Coloproctol. 2004; 8: 15-8. ABSTRACT

96. O'Dwyer P. J., McGregor J. R., McDermott E. W., Murphy J. J., O'Higgins N. J. Patient recovery following cholecystectomy through a 6 cm or 15 cm transverse subcostal incision: a prospective randomized clinical trial. Postgrad Med J. 1992; 68: 817-9. PUBMED

97. Kehlet H. Surgical stress response: does endoscopic surgery confer an advantage? World J Surg. 1999; 23: 801-7. ABSTRACT

98. Sylla P., Kirman I., Whelan R. L. Immunological advantages of advanced laparoscopy. Surg Clin North Am. 2005; 85: 1-18, vii. ABSTRACT

99. Lacy A. M., Garcia-Valdecasas J. C., Delgado S., Castells A., Taura P., Pique J. M., et al. Laparoscopy-assisted colectomy versus open colectomy for treatment of non-metastatic colon cancer: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2002; 359: 2224-9. ABSTRACT

100. A comparison of laparoscopically assisted and open colectomy for colon cancer. N Engl J Med. 2004; 350: 2050-9. NEJM

101. Cheatham M. L., Chapman W. C., Key S. P., Sawyers J. L. A meta-analysis of selective versus routine nasogastric decompression after elective laparotomy. Ann Surg. 1995; 221: 469-76; discussion 76-8.

102. Jesus E. C., Karliczek A., Matos D., Castro A. A., Atallah A. N. Prophylactic anastomotic drainage for colorectal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004; CD002100. text

103. Launay-Savary M. V., Slim K. [Evidence-based analysis of prophylactic abdominal drainage]. Ann Chir. 2006; 131: 302-5. Trés bon article (abstract)

104. Bretagnol F., Slim K., Faucheron J. L. [Anterior resection with low colorectal anastomosis. To drain or not?]. Ann Chir. 2005; 130: 336-9. Science direct

105. Basse L., Werner M., Kehlet H. Is urinary drainage necessary during continuous epidural analgesia after colonic resection? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2000; 25: 498-501. Science direct

106. Kehlet H., Mogensen T. Hospital stay of 2 days after open sigmoidectomy with a multimodal rehabilitation programme. Br J Surg. 1999; 86: 227-30. Abstract

107. Bardram L., Funch-Jensen P., Kehlet H. Rapid rehabilitation in elderly patients after laparoscopic colonic resection. Br J Surg. 2000; 87: 1540-5. Abstract

108. Gatt M., Anderson A. D., Reddy B. S., Hayward-Sampson P., Tring I. C., MacFie J. Randomized clinical trial of multimodal optimization of surgical care in patients undergoing major colonic resection. Br J Surg. 2005; 92: 1354-62. Abstract

109. Zutshi M., Delaney C. P., Senagore A. J., Mekhail N., Lewis B., Connor J. T., et al. Randomized controlled trial comparing the controlled rehabilitation with early ambulation and diet pathway versus the controlled rehabilitation with early ambulation and diet with preemptive epidural anesthesia/analgesia after laparotomy and intestinal resection. Am J Surg. 2005; 189: 268-72. Abstract

110. Taguchi A., Sharma N., Saleem R. M., Sessler D. I., Carpenter R. L., Seyedsadr M., et al. Selective postoperative inhibition of gastrointestinal opioid receptors. N Engl J Med. 2001; 345: 935-40. TEXTE

111. Leung K. L., Kwok S. P., Lam S. C., Lee J. F., Yiu R. Y., Ng S. S., et al. Laparoscopic resection of rectosigmoid carcinoma: prospective randomised trial. Lancet. 2004; 363: 1187-92. ABSTRACT

112. King P. M., Blazeby J. M., Ewings P., Longman R. J., Kipling R. M., Franks P. J., et al. The influence of an enhanced recovery programme on clinical outcomes, costs and quality of life after surgery for colorectal cancer. Colorectal Dis. 2006; 8: 506-13. ABSTRACT

113. Kehlet H. Fast-track colorectal surgery. Lancet. 2008; 371: 791-3. ABSTRACT

114. Basse L., Madsen J. L., Billesbolle P., Bardram L., Kehlet H. Gastrointestinal transit after laparoscopic versus open colonic resection. Surg Endosc. 2003; 17: 1919-22. ABSTRACT

115. King P. M., Blazeby J. M., Ewings P., Franks P. J., Longman R. J., Kendrick A. H., et al. Randomized clinical trial comparing laparoscopic and open surgery for colorectal cancer within an enhanced recovery programme. Br J Surg. 2006; 93: 300-8. ABSTRACT

116. Junghans T., Raue W., Haase O., Neudecker J., Schwenk W. [Value of laparoscopic surgery in elective colorectal surgery with "fast-track"-rehabilitation]. Zentralbl Chir. 2006; 131: 298-303. ABSTRACT

117. MacKay G., Ihedioha U., McConnachie A., Serpell M., Molloy R. G., O'Dwyer P. J. Laparoscopic colonic resection in fast-track patients does not enhance short-term recovery after elective surgery. Colorectal Dis. 2007; 9: 368-72. ABSTRACT

118. Wind J., Hofland J., Preckel B., Hollmann M. W., Bossuyt P. M., Gouma D. J., et al. Perioperative strategy in colonic surgery; LAparoscopy and/or FAst track multimodal management versus standard care (LAFA trial). BMC Surg. 2006; 6: 16. TEXTE

119. Soop M., Nygren J., Ljungqvist O. Optimizing perioperative management of patients undergoing colorectal surgery: what is new? Curr Opin Crit Care. 2006; 12: 166-70. ABSTRACT

120. Brodner G., Pogatzki E., Van Aken H., Buerkle H., Goeters C., Schulzki C., et al. A multimodal approach to control postoperative pathophysiology and rehabilitation in patients undergoing abdominothoracic esophagectomy. Anesth Analg. 1998; 86: 228-34. TEXTE

121. Basse L., Thorbol J. E., Lossl K., Kehlet H. Colonic surgery with accelerated rehabilitation or conventional care. Dis Colon Rectum. 2004; 47: 271-7; discussion 7-8. ABSTRACT

122. Delaney C. P., Zutshi M., Senagore A. J., Remzi F. H., Hammel J., Fazio V. W. Prospective, randomized, controlled trial between a pathway of controlled rehabilitation with early ambulation and diet and traditional postoperative care after laparotomy and intestinal resection. Dis Colon Rectum. 2003; 46: 851-9. PUBMED

123. Khoo C. K., Vickery C. J., Forsyth N., Vinall N. S., Eyre-Brook I. A. A prospective randomized controlled trial of multimodal perioperative management protocol in patients undergoing elective colorectal resection for cancer. Ann Surg. 2007; 245: 867-72. TEXTE

124. Nygren J., Hausel J., Kehlet H., Revhaug A., Lassen K., Dejong C., et al. A comparison in five European Centres of case mix, clinical management and outcomes following either conventional or fast-track perioperative care in colorectal surgery. Clin Nutr. 2005; 24: 455-61. ABSTRACT

125. Raue W., Haase O., Junghans T., Scharfenberg M., Muller J. M., Schwenk W. 'Fast-track' multimodal rehabilitation program improves outcome after laparoscopic sigmoidectomy: a controlled prospective evaluation. Surg Endosc. 2004; 18: 1463-8. ABSTRACT

126. Stephen A. E., Berger D. L. Shortened length of stay and hospital cost reduction with implementation of an accelerated clinical care pathway after elective colon resection. Surgery. 2003; 133: 277-82. ABSTRACT

127. Henriksen M. G., Hansen H. V., Hessov I. Early oral nutrition after elective colorectal surgery: influence of balanced analgesia and enforced mobilization. Nutrition. 2002; 18: 263-7. ABSTRACT

128. Wichmann M. W., Eben R., Angele M. K., Brandenburg F., Goetz A. E., Jauch K. W. Fast-track rehabilitation in elective colorectal surgery patients: a prospective clinical and immunological single-centre study. ANZ J Surg. 2007; 77: 502-7. ABSTRACT

129. Basse L., Madsen J. L., Kehlet H. Normal gastrointestinal transit after colonic resection using epidural analgesia, enforced oral nutrition and laxative. Br J Surg. 2001; 88: 1498-500. ABSTRACT

130. Basse L., Jacobsen D. H., Billesbolle P., Kehlet H. Colostomy closure after Hartmann's procedure with fast-track rehabilitation. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002; 45: 1661-4. ABSTRACT

131. Schwenk W., Neudecker J., Raue W., Haase O., Muller J. M. "Fast-track" rehabilitation after rectal cancer resection. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2006; 21: 547-53. ABSTRACT

132. Kremer M., Ulrich A., Buchler M. W., Uhl W. Fast-track surgery: the Heidelberg experience. Recent Results Cancer Res. 2005; 165: 14-20. ABSTRACT

133. Proske J. M., Raue W., Neudecker J., Muller J. M., Schwenk W. [Fast track rehabilitation in colonic surgery: results of a prospective trial]. Ann Chir. 2005; 130: 152-6. SCIENCEDIRECT

134. Andersen J., Hjort-Jakobsen D., Christiansen P. S., Kehlet H. Readmission rates after a planned hospital stay of 2 versus 3 days in fast-track colonic surgery. Br J Surg. 2007; 94: 890-3. ABSTRACT

135. Callesen T., Bech K., Kehlet H. One-thousand consecutive inguinal hernia repairs under unmonitored local anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93: 1373-6, table of contents. TEXTE

136. Kark A. E., Kurzer M. N., Belsham P. A. Three thousand one hundred seventy-five primary inguinal hernia repairs: advantages of ambulatory open mesh repair using local anesthesia. J Am Coll Surg. 1998; 186: 447-55; discussion 56. ABSTRACT

137. Johansson M., Thune A., Nelvin L., Lundell L. Randomized clinical trial of day-care versus overnight-stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Br J Surg. 2006; 93: 40-5. ABSTRACT

138. Keulemans Y., Eshuis J., de Haes H., de Wit L. T., Gouma D. J. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: day-care versus clinical observation. Ann Surg. 1998; 228: 734-40. TEXTE

139. Sandberg W. S., Canty T., Sokal S. M., Daily B., Berger D. L. Financial and operational impact of a direct-from-PACU discharge pathway for laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Surgery. 2006; 140: 372-8. SCIENCEDIRECT

140. Seale A. K., Ledet W. P., Jr. Minicholecystectomy: a safe, cost-effective day surgery procedure. Arch Surg. 1999; 134: 308-10. TEXTE

141. Topal B., Peeters G., Verbert A., Penninckx F. Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy: clinical pathway implementation is efficient and cost effective and increases hospital bed capacity. Surg Endosc. 2007; 21: 1142-6. ABSTRACT

142. McCarty T. M., Arnold D. T., Lamont J. P., Fisher T. L., Kuhn J. A. Optimizing outcomes in bariatric surgery: outpatient laparoscopic gastric bypass. Ann Surg. 2005; 242: 494-8; discussion 8-501. TEXTE

143. Wasowicz-Kemps D. K., Bliemer B., Boom F. A., de Zwaan N. M., van Ramshorst B. Laparoscopic gastric banding for morbid obesity: outpatient procedure versus overnight stay. Surg Endosc. 2006; 20: 1233-7. ABSTRACT

144. Kariv Y., Delaney C. P., Senagore A. J., Manilich E. A., Hammel J. P., Church J. M., et al. Clinical outcomes and cost analysis of a "fast track" postoperative care pathway for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: a case control study. Dis Colon Rectum. 2007; 50: 137-46. ABSTRACT

145. Cerfolio R. J., Pickens A., Bass C., Katholi C. Fast-tracking pulmonary resections. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001; 122: 318-24. ABSTRACT

146. McKenna R. J., Jr., Houck W., Fuller C. B. Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: experience with 1,100 cases. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006; 81: 421-5; discussion 5-6. ABSTRACT

147. Tovar E. A. One-day admission for major lung resections in septuagenarians and octogenarians: a comparative study with a younger cohort. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001; 20: 449-53; discussion 53-4. ABSTRACT

148. Finley C. R., McKernan J. B. Laparoscopic antireflux surgery at an outpatient surgery center. Surg Endosc. 2001; 15: 823-6. ABSTRACT

149. Cerfolio R. J., Bryant A. S., Bass C. S., Alexander J. R., Bartolucci A. A. Fast tracking after Ivor Lewis esophagogastrectomy. Chest. 2004; 126: 1187-94. TEXTE

150. Kennedy E. P., Rosato E. L., Sauter P. K., Rosenberg L. M., Doria C., Marino I. R., et al. Initiation of a critical pathway for pancreaticoduodenectomy at an academic institution--the first step in multidisciplinary team building. J Am Coll Surg. 2007; 204: 917-23; discussion 23-4. ABSTRACT

151. van Dam R. M., Hendry P. O., Coolsen M. M., Bemelmans M. H., Lassen K., Revhaug A., et al. Initial experience with a multimodal enhanced recovery programme in patients undergoing liver resection. Br J Surg. 2008; 95: 969-75. ABSTRACT

152. Gralla O., Haas F., Knoll N., Hadzidiakos D., Tullmann M., Romer A., et al. Fast-track surgery in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: basic principles. World J Urol. 2007; 25: 185-91. ABSTRACT

153. Desai M. M., Strzempkowski B., Matin S. F., Steinberg A. P., Ng C., Meraney A. M., et al. Prospective randomized comparison of transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. J Urol. 2005; 173: 38-41. ABSTRACT

154. Ng C. S., Gill I. S., Ramani A. P., Steinberg A. P., Spaliviero M., Abreu S. C., et al. Transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: patient selection and perioperative outcomes. J Urol. 2005; 174: 846-9. ABSTRACT

155. Recart A., Duchene D., White P. F., Thomas T., Johnson D. B., Cadeddu J. A. Efficacy and safety of fast-track recovery strategy for patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy. J Endourol. 2005; 19: 1165-9. ABSTRACT

156. Rayan S. S., Hodin R. A. Short-stay laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Surg Endosc. 2000; 14: 568-72. PUBMED

157. Edwin B., Raeder I., Trondsen E., Kaaresen R., Buanes T. Outpatient laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with Conn's syndrome. Surg Endosc. 2001; 15: 589-91. ABSTRACT

158. Abularrage C. J., Sheridan M. J., Mukherjee D. Endovascular versus "fast-track'' abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2005; 39: 229-36. ABSTRACT

159. Brustia P., Renghi A., Gramaglia L., Porta C., Cassatella R., De Angelis R., et al. Mininvasive abdominal aortic surgery. Early recovery and reduced hospitalization after multidisciplinary approach. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2003; 44: 629-35. ABSTRACT

160. Murphy M. A., Richards T., Atkinson C., Perkins J., Hands L. J. Fast track open aortic surgery: reduced post operative stay with a goal directed pathway. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2007; 34: 274-8. ABSTRACT

161. Podore P. C., Throop E. B. Infrarenal aortic surgery with a 3-day hospital stay: A report on success with a clinical pathway. J Vasc Surg. 1999; 29: 787-92. PUBMED

162. Warren J. L., Riley G. F., Potosky A. L., Klabunde C. N., Richter E., Ballard-Barbash R. Trends and outcomes of outpatient mastectomy in elderly women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1998; 90: 833-40. TEXTE

163. Coveney E., Weltz C. R., Greengrass R., Iglehart J. D., Leight G. S., Steele S. M., et al. Use of paravertebral block anesthesia in the surgical management of breast cancer: experience in 156 cases. Ann Surg. 1998; 227: 496-501. TEXTE

164. Dooley W. C. Ambulatory mastectomy. Am J Surg. 2002; 184: 545-8; discussion 8-9. ABSTRACT

165. Udelsman R., Donovan P. I., Sokoll L. J. One hundred consecutive minimally invasive parathyroid explorations. Ann Surg. 2000; 232: 331-9. TEXTE

166. Cohen M. S., Finkelstein S. E., Brunt L. M., Haberfeld E., Kangrga I., Moley J. F., et al. Outpatient minimally invasive parathyroidectomy using local/regional anesthesia: a safe and effective operative approach for selected patients. Surgery. 2005; 138: 681-7; discussion 7-9. ABSTRACT

167. Sahai A., Symes A., Jeddy T. Short-stay thyroid surgery. Br J Surg. 2005; 92: 58-9. WILEY Interscience

168. Ilfeld B. M., Gearen P. F., Enneking F. K., Berry L. F., Spadoni E. H., George S. Z., et al. Total hip arthroplasty as an overnight-stay procedure using an ambulatory continuous psoas compartment nerve block: a prospective feasibility study. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006; 31: 113-8. ABSTRACT

169. Ilfeld B. M., Gearen P. F., Enneking F. K., Berry L. F., Spadoni E. H., George S. Z., et al. Total knee arthroplasty as an overnight-stay procedure using continuous femoral nerve blocks at home: a prospective feasibility study. Anesth Analg. 2006; 102: 87-90. TEXTE

170. Ilfeld B. M., Wright T. W., Enneking F. K., Vandenborne K. Total elbow arthroplasty as an outpatient procedure using a continuous infraclavicular nerve block at home: a prospective case report. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006; 31: 172-6. ABSTRACT

171. Marx C., Rasmussen T., Jakobsen D. H., Ottosen C., Lundvall L., Ottesen B., et al. The effect of accelerated rehabilitation on recovery after surgery for ovarian malignancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2006; 85: 488-92. ABSTRACT

172. Kehlet H., Buchler M. W., Beart R. W., Jr., Billingham R. P., Williamson R. Care after colonic operation--is it evidence-based? Results from a multinational survey in Europe and the United States. J Am Coll Surg. 2006; 202: 45-54. ABSTRACT

173. Maessen J., Dejong C. H., Hausel J., Nygren J., Lassen K., Andersen J., et al. A protocol is not enough to implement an enhanced recovery programme for colorectal resection. Br J Surg. 2007; 94: 224-31. ABSTRACT

174. Sailhamer E. A., Sokal S. M., Chang Y., Rattner D. W., Berger D. L. Environmental impact of accelerated clinical care in a high-volume center. Surgery. 2007; 142: 343-9. ABSTRACT

175. Bosio R. M., Smith B. M., Aybar P. S., Senagore A. J. Implementation of laparoscopic colectomy with fast-track care in an academic medical center: benefits of a fully ascended learning curve and specialty expertise. Am J Surg. 2007; 193: 413-5; discussion 5-6. ABSTRACT

176. Hammer J., Harling H., Wille-Jorgensen P. Implementation of the scientific evidence into daily practice--example from fast-track colonic cancer surgery. Colorectal Dis. 2008; 10: 593-8. ABSTRACT

177. Liu S. S., Wu C. L. Effect of postoperative analgesia on major postoperative complications: a systematic update of the evidence. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 689-702. TEXTE

178. Hennessy S., Leonard C. E., Newcomb C., Kimmel S. E., Bilker W. B. Cisapride and ventricular arrhythmia. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2008. ABSTRACT

179. Alfonsi P., Schaack E. [Accelerated postoperative recovery after colorectal surgery]. J Chir (Paris). 2007; 144: 191-6. PUBMED

180. Jakobsen D. H. Nursing workload and fast-track colonic surgery. J Adv Periop Care. 2006; 2: 177-81. ABSTRACT

181. Mantion G., Panis Y. Mortalité et morbidité en chirurgie colorectale. Monographies de l'Association française de chirurgie. 2003.

182. Staib L., Link K. H., Blatz A., Beger H. G. Surgery of colorectal cancer: surgical morbidity and five- and ten-year results in 2400 patients--monoinstitutional experience. World J Surg. 2002; 26: 59-66. ABSTRACT

183. Marusch F., Koch A., Schmidt U., Zippel R., Geissler S., Pross M., et al. ["Colon-/rectal carcinoma" prospective studies as comprehensive surgical quality assurance]. Chirurg. 2002; 73: 138-45; discussion 45-6. ABSTRACT

184. Wind J., Polle S. W., Fung Kon Jin P. H., Dejong C. H., von Meyenfeldt M. F., Ubbink D. T., et al. Systematic review of enhanced recovery programmes in colonic surgery. Br J Surg. 2006; 93: 800-9. ABSTRACT

185. Tan P. Y., Stephens J. H., Rieger N. A., Hewett P. J. Laparoscopically assisted colectomy: a study of risk factors and predictors of open conversion. Surg Endosc. 2008; 22: 1708-14. ABSTRACT

186. Elia N., Lysakowski C., Tramer M. R. Does multimodal analgesia with acetaminophen, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, or selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and patient-controlled analgesia morphine offer advantages over morphine alone? Meta-analyses of randomized trials. Anesthesiology. 2005; 103: 1296-304. ABSTRACT

187. Sveticic G., Gentilini A., Eichenberger U., Luginbuhl M., Curatolo M. Combinations of morphine with ketamine for patient-controlled analgesia: a new optimization method. Anesthesiology. 2003; 98: 1195-205. ABSTRACT

188. Dierking G., Duedahl T. H., Rasmussen M. L., Fomsgaard J. S., Moiniche S., Romsing J., et al. Effects of gabapentin on postoperative morphine consumption and pain after abdominal hysterectomy: a randomized, double-blind trial. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2004; 48: 322-7. ABSTRACT

189. Kehlet H. Future perspectives and research initiatives in fast-track surgery. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2006; 391: 495-8. ABSTRACT

190. Kehlet H. Postoperative opioid sparing to hasten recovery: what are the issues? Anesthesiology. 2005; 102: 1083-5. TEXTE

191. Pelissier E., Mazoit J. X., Beaussier M. [Pre-peritoneal continuous infusion of local anesthetics for pain relief after laparotomy. A preliminary report]. Ann Chir. 2006; 131: 198-202. ABSTRACT

192. Liu S. S., Richman J. M., Thirlby R. C., Wu C. L. Efficacy of continuous wound catheters delivering local anesthetic for postoperative analgesia: a quantitative and qualitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Am Coll Surg. 2006; 203: 914-32. ABSTRACT

193. Kehlet H. Procedure-specific postoperative pain management. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2005; 23: 203-10. ABSTRACT

194. Grocott M. P., Mythen M. G., Gan T. J. Perioperative fluid management and clinical outcomes in adults. Anesth Analg. 2005; 100: 1093-106. TEXTE

195. Bundgaard-Nielsen M., Holte K., Secher N. H., Kehlet H. Monitoring of peri-operative fluid administration by individualized goal-directed therapy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2007; 51: 331-40. PUBMED

196. Holte K., Kehlet H. Perioperative single-dose glucocorticoid administration: pathophysiologic effects and clinical implications. J Am Coll Surg. 2002; 195: 694-712. ABSTRACT

197. Hindler K., Shaw A. D., Samuels J., Fulton S., Collard C. D., Riedel B. Improved postoperative outcomes associated with preoperative statin therapy. Anesthesiology. 2006; 105: 1260-72; quiz 89-90. TEXTE

198. Jeschke M. G., Klein D., Herndon D. N. Insulin treatment improves the systemic inflammatory reaction to severe trauma. Ann Surg. 2004; 239: 553-60. TEXTE

199. Kehlet H. Labat lecture 2005: surgical stress and postoperative outcome-from here to where? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006; 31: 47-52. ABSTRACT

200. Leardi S., Pietroletti R., Angeloni G., Necozione S., Ranalletta G., Del Gusto B. Randomized clinical trial examining the effect of music therapy in stress response to day surgery. Br J Surg. 2007; 94: 943-7. ABSTRACT

201. Devereaux P. J., Beattie W. S., Choi P. T., Badner N. H., Guyatt G. H., Villar J. C., et al. How strong is the evidence for the use of perioperative beta blockers in non-cardiac surgery? Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Bmj. 2005; 331: 313-21. TEXTE

202. McGee M. F., Schomisch S. J., Marks J. M., Delaney C. P., Jin J., Williams C., et al. Late phase TNF-alpha depression in natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) peritoneoscopy. Surgery. 2008; 143: 318-28. ABSTRACT

203. Saber A. A., Elgamal M. H., Itawi E. A., Rao A. J. Single Incision Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (SILS): A Novel Technique. Obes Surg. 2008. ABSTRACT

204. Zorron R., Soldan M., Filgueiras M., Maggioni L. C., Pombo L., Lacerda Oliveira A. NOTES: Transvaginal for Cancer Diagnostic Staging: Preliminary Clinical Application. Surg Innov. 2008; 15: 161-5. ABSTRACT

205. Marescaux J., Dallemagne B., Perretta S., Wattiez A., Mutter D., Coumaros D. Surgery without scars: report of transluminal cholecystectomy in a human being. Arch Surg. 2007; 142: 823-6; discussion 6-7. TEXTE

206. Hazey J. W., Narula V. K., Renton D. B., Reavis K. M., Paul C. M., Hinshaw K. E., et al. Natural-orifice transgastric endoscopic peritoneoscopy in humans: Initial clinical trial. Surg Endosc. 2008; 22: 16-20. ABSTRACT

207. Nguyen N. T., Reavis K. M., Hinojosa M. W., Smith B. R., Wilson S. E. Laparoscopic Transumbilical Cholecystectomy Without Visible Abdominal Scars. J Gastrointest Surg. 2008. ABSTRACT

208. Raman J. D., Bagrodia A., Cadeddu J. A. Single-Incision, Umbilical Laparoscopic versus Conventional Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: A Comparison of Perioperative Outcomes and Short-Term Measures of Convalescence. Eur Urol. 2008. ABSTRACT

209. Stahl J. E., Goldman J. M., Rattner D. W., Gazelle G. S. Adapting to a new system of surgical technologies and perioperative processes among clinicians. J Surg Res. 2007; 139: 61-7. ABSTRACT

210. Soderberg L., Dyhre H., Roth B., Bjorkman S. Ultralong peripheral nerve block by lidocaine:prilocaine 1:1 mixture in a lipid depot formulation: comparison of in vitro, in vivo, and effect kinetics. Anesthesiology. 2006; 104: 110-21. TEXTE

211. Sales JP. Anesthésie et chirurgie ambulatoire. Le point de vue du chirurgien. Le praticien en anesthésie-réanimation 2005; 9: 223-27. abstract